Organizer: Klub Sportowy “BUDOWLANI”.

Łódź,also rendered in English as Lodz, is a city in central Poland and a former industrial centre. It is the capital of Łódź Voivodeship, and is located approximately 120 km (75 mi) south-west of Warsaw.  The city’s coat of arms is an example of canting, as it depicts a boat (łódź in Polish), which alludes to the city’s name. As of 2022, Łódź has a population of 670,642 making it the country’s fourth-largest city.

Łódź was once a small settlement that first appeared in 14th-century records. It was granted town rights in 1423 by Polish King Władysław II Jagiełło, and it remained a private town of the Kuyavian bishops and clergy until the late 18th century. In the Second Partition of Poland in 1793, Łódź was annexed to Prussia before becoming part of the Napoleonic Duchy of Warsaw; the city joined Congress Poland, a Russian client state, at the 1815 Congress of Vienna. The Second Industrial Revolution (from 1870) brought rapid growth in textile manufacturing and in population owing to the inflow of migrants, notably Germans and Jews. Ever since the industrialization of the area, the city has been multinational and struggled with social inequalities, as documented in the novel The Promised Land by Nobel Prize–winning author Władysław Reymont. The contrasts greatly reflected on the architecture of the city, where luxurious mansions coexisted with red-brick factories and dilapidated tenement houses.

The industrial development and demographic surge made Łódź one of the largest cities in Poland. Under the German occupation during World War II, Łódź was briefly renamed Litzmannstadt after Karl Litzmann. The city’s population was persecuted, and its large Jewish minority was forced into a walled zone known as the Łódź Ghetto, from where they were sent to German concentration and extermination camps. The city became Poland’s temporary seat of power in 1945.

Łódź experienced a sharp demographic and economic decline after 1989. It was only in the 2010s that the city began to experience revitalization of its neglected downtown area. Łódź is ranked by the Globalization and World Cities Research Network on the “Sufficiency” level of global influence and is internationally known for its National Film School, a cradle for the most renowned Polish actors and directors, including Andrzej Wajda and Roman Polanski. In 2017, the city was inducted into the UNESCO Creative Cities Network and named UNESCO City of Film.

The Polish name for the city, Łódź, directly translates to ‘boat’ in the English language. There is no unanimous consensus on its precise origin, but popular theories link it with the medieval village of Lodzia and the now-canalised River Łódka on which the modern city was founded. It may have also derived from the term łoza denoting a willow tree and the personal Old Polish name Włodzisław.

Łódź covers an area of approximately 293 square kilometres (113 sq mi) and is located in the centre of Poland.  The city lies in the lowlands of the Central European Plain, not exceeding 300 metres in elevation. Topographically, the Łódź region is generally characterized by a flat landscape, with only several highlands which do not exceed 50 metres above the terrain level. The soil is predominantly sandy (62%) followed by clay (24%), silt (8%), and organogenetic formations (6%) from regional wetlands. The forest cover (equivalent to 4.2% of the whole country) is considerably low compared to other cities, regions, and provinces of Poland.

Łódź is home to nine foreign consulates, all of which are Honorary. They are subordinate to the following states’ main representation in Poland: French, Danish, German, Austrian, British, Belgian, Latvian, Hungarian and Moldavian.

Łódź also belongs to the European cities network.

Nowadays, Lodz, the country’s third-largest city, is one of the major academic centers in Poland. As a post-industrial city, it bets on modern services, science, innovative branches of production and the creative sector. For over ten years now, the city has been experiencing rapid development. Entire blocks of the historical center are being revitalized, and in the heart of the city, the new center of Lodz is growing.

Lodz’s potential shows in the plans for the organization of such events as European Universities Games 2022 or Expo Horticultural 2024. In Lodz, you can find one of the biggest municipal forests in Europe, covering an area of ​​about 1,200 hectares. The most valuable part of the forest is protected as a natural reserve.

Compared to other Polish cities, Lodz stands out with a great number of palaces and villas. All of them were built in the 19th or early 20th century and represent different architectural styles. Former palaces serve today as offices, institutions and museums, such as the Museum of the City of Lodz in the Palace of Izrael Poznanski. Herbst Palace – a branch of the Museum of Art – is an example of a wealthy factory owner’s former residence with antique furnishings. The most beautiful villas and palaces create a tourist trail, allowing visitors to discover Lodz – also famous for Art Nouveau architecture.